Railway Recruitment Control Board is a government organization in India. It was set up in 1998 in the Ministry of Railways.
In 1948, the Indian Railway Enquiry Committee reviewed working of commissions. While recommending their permanency, suggested that the work related to appeals should be withdrawn so that commission can give undivided attention to recruitments. Chairman, Bombay Service Commission was given the supervisory role to Supervise Commissions at Calcutta, Lucknow and Madras. In 1949, due to financial constraints, a ban was imposed on recruitments on Indian Railways. Thus number of commissions was reduced to one and centrally located viz., at Bombay. In 1953-54, when Economic conditions of Indian Railways improved, four service commissions were again set up viz., at Bombay, Madras, Allahabad and Calcutta. In 1956, the Estimates committee generally approved the method of recruitment by the Constitution of the Railway Service Commissions. In 1973, to cater to the needs of the North Eastern Railway and to facilitate recruitment from the under developed areas of that region, an additional commission was set up at Muzaffarpur. In the same year a branch office of Calcutta Service Commission was opened at Ranchi. In 1978 one more additional Service Commission was set up at Secunderabad to cater to the needs of the then newly formed South Central Railway. Recruitment of staff for the needs of NF Railway was still being done through recruitment committee control by NF Railway . Thus in 1978 this job was entrusted to full fledged service commission with Head Quarters at Guwahati. Yet another service commission was opened in 1980 at Bangalore to cater to the needs of candidates from remote backward areas of Karnataka. In 1981 full-fledged service commission was opened at Danapur.